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Diese Bibliographie stellt die uns bekannten und bedeutenden Publikationen zum Thema Fußgänger und Evakuierungen dar. Sollten Sie Anregungen zur Erweiterung haben, teilen Sie sie uns bitte mit. Es ist unser Ziel, sie so aktuell wie möglich zu halten.

K. Abe.
The Science of Human Panic.
Brain Publ. Co., Tokyo, 1986.
(in Japanese).

John Abrahams.
Fire escape in difficult circumstances.
In Stollard and Johnson (1994).

S.A.H. AlGadhi, H.S. Mahmassani, and R. Herman.
A speed-concentration relation for bi-directional crowd movements with strong interaction.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 3-20.

M.P. Allen and D.J. Tildesley.
Computer Simulation of Liquids.
Clarendon Press, 1987.

K. Ando, H. Ota, and T. Oki.
Forecasting the flow of people.
Railway Research Review, 45: 8-14, 1988.
(in Japanese).

Gianluca Antonini, Michel Bierlaire, and Mats Weber.
Simulation of pedestrian behaviour using a discrete choice model calibrated on actual motion data.
In 4th STRC Swiss Transport Research Conference, 2004.

T. Aoki.
Prediction system of passenger flow.
In Smith and Dickie (1993), pages 249-258.

Robert Axelrod.
The evolution of cooperation.
Basic Books, New York, 1984.

Robert Axelrod.
The complexity of cooperation: agent-based models of competition and collaboration.
Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1997.

Fire Precautions in the Design, Construction and Use of Buildings.
British Standard Institute, Milton Keynes, 1991.

PAS 41:2001 Publicly Available Specification Directional Sounders, Requirements and Tests.
British Standards Institute, 2001.
based on BS EN 54-3:2001.

D.L. Bakuli and J. MacGregor Smith.
Resource allocation in state-dependent emergency evacuation networks.
EJOR, 89: 543-555, 1996.

Philip Ball.
The physical modelling of social systems.
Complexus, 1: 190-206, 2003.

S. Bandini and T. Worsch, editors.
Theoretical and Practical Issues on Cellular Automata, London, 2000. Springer.

Michael Batty, Jake DeSyllas, and Elspeth Duxbury.
The discrete dynamics of small-scale spatial events: agent-based models of mobility in carnivals and street parades.
Technical report, University College London, 2002.

Michael Batty, Jake Desyllas, and Elspeth Duxbury.
Safety in numbers? modelling crowds and designing control for the notting hill carnival.
Urban Studies, 40 (8): 1573-1590, July 2003.

C. Behring, M. Bracho, M. Castro, and J.A. Moreno.
An algorithm for robot path planning with cellular automata.
In Bandini and Worsch (2000), pages 11-19.

K. Binder.
Applications of monte carlo methods to statistical physics.
Rep. Prog. Phys., 60: 487-559, 1997.

A. Björkman.
Some outstanding questions about the Estonia.
In Vassalos (1999b).

M. Black.
Models And Metaphors. Studies In Language And Philosophy.
Cornell University Press, 1972.

W. Bles, S.A.E. Nooy, and L.C. Boer.
Influence of ship listing and ship motion on walking speed.
Technical Report TM-01-C015, TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, Netherlands, 2001.

W. Bles, S. Nooy, and L.C. Boer.
Influence of ship listing and ship motion on walking speed.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 437-452.

V.J. Blue and J.L. Adler.
Modelling four directional pedestrian movements.
In Transportation Research Board, 79th Annual Meeting, 2000a. vjblue.

V.J. Blue and J.L. Adler.
Cellular automata microsimulation of bi-directional pedestrian flows.
J. Trans. Research Board, 1678: 135-141, 2000b.

V.J. Blue and J.L. Adler.
Cellular automata model of emergent collective bi-directional pedestrian dynamics.
unpublished, 2000c.

V.J. Blue and J.L. Adler.
Cellular automata microsimulation for modeling bi-directional pedestrian walkways.
Transpn. Res. B, 35: 293-312, 2001.

V.J. Blue and J.L. Adler.
Bi-directional emergent fundamental pedestrian flows from cellular automata microsimulation.
In Ceder (1999), pages 235-254.

L.C. Boer, A. Vredev, E. K. Boulougouris, and A. Papanikolaou.
Way-finding behaviour and technical guidance systems.
In 21st Century Cruise Ship, London, 1999. Royal Inst. of Naval Architecture.

L.C. Boer.
Mustering and evacuation of passengers: Scientific basis for design.
Technical Report BriteEuram project 97-4229 ``MEP Design'', TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, Netherlands, 2000a.

Louis C. Boer.
Behaviour by motorists on evacuation of a tunnel.
Technical report, TNO Human Factors, 2000b.

Louis C. Boer and Rolf Skjong.
Emergency evacuation: How better interior design can improve passenger flow.
In Cruise and Ferry 2001, London, 8-10 May 2001.

L.C. Boer and W. Bles.
Evacuation from ships: Account for ship motion.
In Safety of transportation: Imbalance between growth and safety, Delft, 1998.

E. K. Boulougouris and A. Papanikolaou.
Modeling and simulation of the evacuation process of passenger ships.
In Proc. 10th Int. Congress of the International Maritime Association of the Mediterranean (IMAM 2002), Crete, May 2002.

P. Bovy, S. Hoogendoorn, M. Schreckenberg, and D.E. Wolf, editors.
Traffic and Granular Flow '03, Berlin, 2004. Springer.

W. Brilon, M. Großmann, and H. Blanke.
Verfahren für die Berechnung der Leistungsfähigkeit und Qualität des Verkehrsablaufs auf Straßen.
In Forschung Straßenbau und Straßenverkehrstechnik, page Kap. 13, Bonn-Bad Godesberg, 1993. Bundesministerium für Verkehr.

A. Broggi, M. Bertozzi, A. Fascioli, and M. Sechi.
Shape-based pedestrian detection.
In Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, pages 215-220, Dearborn (MI), USA, October 3-5 2000. IEEE, IEEE.

R. Brown.
Social Psychology.
The Free Press, New York, 2 edition, 1986.

A.T. Brumley and L.L. Koss.
The motor ability of passengers during the evacuation of ferries and cruise ships.
Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.

A.T. Brumley and L.L. Koss.
The influence of human factors on the motor ability of passengers during the evacuation of ferries and cruise ships.
In Institute of Naval Architects, editor, Conference on human factors in ship design and operation, 2000b.

L.L. Koss and A.T. Brumley.
Ship evacuation mobility data.
In Galea (2003), pages 257-265.
Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.

A.T. Brumley and L.L. Koss.
The need for statistics on the behavior of passengers during the evacuation of high speed craft.
In Proceedings of FAST '97 High Speed Craft Technology Conference, 1997.

A.T. Brumley and L.L. Koss.
The implication of human behavior on the evacuation of ferries and cruise ships.
In Proceedings of AME '98 Australian Maritime Engieneering CRC Annual Post-Graduate Conference, 1998.

John L. Bryan.
Human behaviour in fire: The development and maturity of a scholarly study area.
Fire and Materials, 23: 249-253, 1999.

John L. Bryan.
A selected historical review of human behavior in fire.
Fire Protection Engineering, November 2002.

Richard W. Bukowski, P.E. Richard, D. Peacock, and Walter W. Joes.
Sensitivity examination of the airEXODUS aircraft evacuation simulation model.
In International Aircraft Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, pages 1-14, Atlantic City, 1998.

C. Burstedde, K. Klauck, A. Schadschneider, and J. Zittartz.
Simulation of pedestrian dynamics using a 2-dimensional cellular automaton.
Physica A, 295: 507-525, 2001.

C. Burstedde.
Simulation von Fußgängerverhalten mittels zweidimensionaler zellulärer Automaten.
Master's thesis, Universität zu Köln, 2001.

C. Burstedde, A. Kirchner, K. Klauck, A. Schadschneider, and J. Zittartz.
Cellular automaton approach to pedestrian dynamics - applications.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 87-98.

E. Canetti.
Masse und Macht.
Rowohlt, Hamburg, 1960.

D. Canter, editor.
Fires and Human Behaviour.
David Fulton Publishers, London, 2nd edition, 1990.

B.-C. Chang.
On the Survivability of Damaged Ro-Ro Vessels Using a Simulation Method.
PhD thesis, Technische Universität, Hamburg-Harburg, 1998.
Arbeitsbereiche Schiffbau, Bericht Nr. 597.

Debashish Chowdhury, Ludger Santen, and Andreas Schadschneider.
Statistical physics of vehicular traffic and some related systems.
Physics Reports, 329 (4-6): 199-329, 2000.

K.H. Chung and P.M. Hui.
Two-dimensional traffic flow problems with faulty traffic lights.
Phys. Rev. E, 51 (1): 772-774, 1995.

Lee Clarke.
Panic: Myth or reality?
contexts, fall 2002.
panic is not a useful scientific concept.

E. Cl´ement, G. Reydellet, F. Rioual, B. Prise, V. Fanguet, J. Lanuza, and E. Kolp.
Jamming patterns and blockade statistics in model granular flows.
In Helbing et al. (2000c).

Christopher A. Coath.
Special events planning.
Study case: Sidney Olympic Games 2000, 2000.

Health and Safety Executive.
Emergency planning for major accidents.
Technical report, Health and Safety Executive, Sudbury, UK, 1999a.

P Crossland.
The influence of ship motion induced lateral acceleration on walking speed.
In Galea (2003), pages 245-256.

J.A. Cuesta, F.C. Martínez, J.M. Molera, and A. Sánchez.
Phase transition in two-dimensional traffic-flow models.
Phys. Rev. E, 48 (6): R4175, 1993.

J.M. Molera, F.C. Martínez, J.A. Cuesta, and R. Brito.
Phys. Rev. E, 51: 175, 1995.

Richtlinien zur Verbesserung der Sicherheit bei Bundesspielen.
Deutscher Fußballbund, 1999a.

Vorläufiges Pflichtenheft über die technischen Anforderungen für Stadien, die als Spielorte für die Weltmeisterschaft 2006 in Betracht kommen.
Deutscher Fußballbund, 2000b.

Winnie Daamen.
Modelling Passenger Flows in Public Transport Facilities.
PhD thesis, TU Delft, 2004a.

Winnie Daamen.
Modelling Passenger Flows in Public Transport Facilities.
PhD thesis, Technical University of Delft, 2004b.

B. Derrida and M.R. Evans.
The assymetric exclusion process: exact results through a matrix approach.
Privman (1997), chapter 14, pages 277-302.

J.C.R. de Vries.
Cruise ship evacuation.
Master's thesis, TU Delft, Faculty of Maritime Engineering, 1998.

Alexander K. Dewdney.
Der Turing-Omnibus : eine Reise durch die Informatik mit 66 Stationen.
Springer, Berlin, 1995.
The (new) Turing omnibus <dt.>.

J. Dijkstra, H.J.P. Timmermans, and A.J. Jessurun.
A multi-agent cellular automata system for visualising simulated pedestrian activity.
In Bandini and Worsch (2000), pages 29-36.

M. Dogliani.
An overview of present and under-development imo's requirements concerning evacuation from ships.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 339-354.

K.H. Drager, G. Løvås, J. Wicklund, H. Soma, D. Duong, A. Violas, and V. Lanèrès.
EVACSIM: A comprehensive evacuation simulation tool.
In K.H. Drager, editor, Proceedings of the 1992 Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, pages 101-108. Society for Computer Simulation, 1994.

M. Ebihara, A. Ohtsuki, and H. Iwaki.
A model for simulating human behavior during emergency evacuation based on classificatory reasoning and certainty value handling.
Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, 7: 63-71, 1992.

Kynan Eng, Matti Mintz, , and Paul F M J Verschure.
Collective human behavior in interactive spaces.
In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2005.

G.B. Ermentrout and L. Edelstein-Keshet.
Cellular automata approaches to biological modeling.
J. theor. Biol., 1993.

M.R. Evans.
Exact steady states of disordered hopping particle models with parallel and ordered sequential dynamics.
JPA, 30: 5669-5685, 1997.

Federal Aviation Administration.
Emergency evacuation.
Regulation CFR Sec. 25.803, Federal Aviation Administration, 1990.

Blue Ribbon Panel.
Bridge and tunnel safety.
Technical report, Federal Highway Administration, 2003.

Rita F. Fahy.
Tools for the simulation of human behavior.
Fire Protection Engineering, November 2002.

Andrew Fell.
A study of modelling crowd dynamics.
Master's thesis, Carleton University, 2003.
Dept. Computer Science.

P. Ferrari and K. Nagel.
Robustness of efficient passenger boarding in airplanes.
Transportation Research Record, 2005.

Football stadia - technical recommendations and requirements.
Technical report, 1999.

M. Flier.
Optimisation of the evacuation plan of an offshore vessel.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 431-436.

L.R. Ford and D.R. Fulkerson.
Flows in Network.
Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1962.

Burkhard Forell.
Bewertung von evakuierungen in diskotheken und ähnlichen vergnügungssttten.
vfdb Zeitschrift, 2: 95-103, 2004.

D. R. Forsyth.
Group Dynamics.
Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, CA, 3 edition, 1999.

H. Frantzich.
A model for performance-based design of escape routes.
Technical report, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University, 1994.

H. Frantzich.
Study of movement on stairs during evacuation using video analysing techniques.
Technical report, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University, 1996.

S. Freud.
Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse.
Int. Psychoanalytischer Verlag, Leipzig, 1924.
[gesammelte Schriften].

R. Fries.
Preventive fire protection for high-rise buildings in frankfurt on the main.
In Hosser (2001a), pages 295-310.
Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Protection Symposium.

John Fruin.
The causes and prevention of crowd disasters.
Originally presented at the First International Conference on Engineering for Crowd Safety, London, England, March 1993.

J.J. Fruin.
Pedestrian Planning and Design.
Metropolitan Association of Urban Designers and Environmental Planners, New York, 1971.

Friedrich Füngerlings.
Verbesserung des Sicherheitsniveaus der Binnen-Fahrgastschiffe in Europa.
PhD thesis, Bergische Universität - Gesamthochschule, Wuppertal, Mai 2001.

M. Fukui, Y. Sugiyama, M. Schreckenberg, and D.E. Wolf, editors.
Traffic and Granular Flow '01, Berlin, 2003. Springer.

M. Fukui and Y. Ishibashi.
Self-organized phase transitions in CA-models for pedestrians.
J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 8: 2861-2863, 1999.

E.R. Galea.
Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 203-226.

E. Galea, editor.
Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, London, 2003. University of Greenwich, CMS press.

S. Gwynne, E.R. Galea, M. Owen, P.J. Lawrence, and L. Filippidis.
A review of the methodologies used in evacuation modelling.
Fire and Materials, 23: 383-388, 1999a.

E.R. Galea and J.M. Perez Galparsoro.
A computer-based simulation-model for the prediction of evacuation from mass-transport vehicles.
Fire Safety Journal, 22 (4): 341-366, 1994.

L. Kerrison, E.R. Galea, N. Hoffmann, and M.K. Patel.
A comparison of a flow3d based fire field model with experimental room fire data.
Fire Safety Journal, 23 (4): 387-411, 1994.

E.R. Galea, M. Owen, and P.J. Lawrence.
Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents.
Toxicology, 115: 63-78, 1996.

E.R. Galea.
A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS.
Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6): 414-436, 1998.

S. Gwynne, E.R. Galea, M. Owen, P.J. Lawrence, and L. Filippidis.
A review of the methodologies used in the computer simulation of evacuation from the built environment.
Building and Environment, 34: 741-749, 1999b.

J. Ortegay y Gasset.
Der Aufstand der Massen.
?, Madrid, 1930.

P. Gattermann, N. Waldau, and M. Schreckenberg, editors.
Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005, Berlin, 2006. Springer.

Beatrice de Gelder, Josh Snyder, Doug Greve, George Gerard, and Nouchine Hadjikhani.
Fear fosters flight: A mechanism for fear contagion when perceiving emotion expressed by a whole body.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 101 (47): 16701-16706, November 2004.

N. Gershenfeld.
The Nature of Mathematical Modelling.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999.

G. Gigerenzer, P.M. Todd, and the ABC research group.
Simple Heuristics that make us Smart.
Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, 1999.

P.G. Gipps and B. Marksjö.
A micro-simulation model for pedestrian flows.
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 27: 95-105, 1985.

E. Graat, C. Midden, and P. Bockholts.
Complex evacuation; effects of motivation level and slope of stairs on emergency egress time in a sports stadium.
Safety Science, 31: 127-141, 1999.

W. Grosshandler, S. Sunder, and J. Snell.
Building and fire safety investigation of the world trade center disaster.
In Galea (2003), pages 279-281.

L. Grossi and V. Farinetti.
Design for safety of HSC: Future developments.
In Vassalos (1999b).

Highway Capacity Manual.
Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 1994.

Health and Safety Executive.
Managing crowds safely.
Technical report, Health and Safety Executive, Sudbury, UK, 1996b.

R. Haberlandt, S. Fritzsche, G. Peinel, and K. Heinzinger.
Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1995.

Hermann Haken.
Springer, Berlin, 1983.

C. Hall, D. Lindenberger, R. Kümmel, T. Kroeger, and W. Eichhorn.
The need to reintegrate the natural sciences with economics.
BioScience, 51 (8): 663-673, August 2001.

J.C. Hall.
Options, futures and Other Derivatives.
Prentice Hall, London, 1997.

H.W. Hamacher and S.A. Tjandra.
Mathematical modelling of evacuation problems - a state of the art.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 227-266.

H.W. Hamacher and S. Tufekci.
On the Use of Lexicographic Min Cost Flows in Evacuation Modelling.
Naval Res. Log., 34: 487-503, 1987.

H.W. Hamacher and S.A. Tjandra.
Modelling emergency evacuation - an overview.
unpublished, 2000.

André Hanisch, Juri Tolujew, Klaus Richter, and Thomas Schulze.
Online simulation of pedestrian flow in public buildings.
In S. Chick, P.J. Sánchez, D. Ferrin, and D.J. Morrice, editors, Proceedings of the 2003 Winter Simulation Conference, 2003.
Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF.

James A. Hanna.
Emergency preparedness guidelines for mass, crowd-intensive events.
Technical report, Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness, Ottawa, ON K1A 0W6, 1994.

J. Harbst and F. Madsen.
The behaviour of passengers in a critical situation on board a passenger vessel or ferry.
Technical report, Danish Investment Foundation, Kopenhagen, 1996.

Sandra Haslinger.
Weltkarte: Katastrophen bei fussballveranstaltungen.
Technical report, Munich Eco Consult, 2002.

R. Hegselmann and A. Flache.
Understanding complex social dynamics: A plea for cellular automata based modelling.
Journal of Societies and Social Simulation, 1 (3): 1998-1-3, 1998.

D. Helbing.
A mathematical model for the behavior of pedestrians.
Behavioral Science, 36: 298-310, 1991.

D. Helbing.
A fluid-dynamic model for the movement of pedestrians.
Complex Systems, 6: 391-415, 1992.

D. Helbing.
Stochastische Methoden, nichtlineare Dynamik und quantitative Modelle sozialer Prozesse, chapter Appendix A: Das Verhalten von Fußgäangern, pages 232-251.
Shaker, Aachen, 1993.

D. Helbing and P. Molnar.
A social force model for pedestrian dynamics.
Phys. Rev. E, 51: 4284-4286, 1995.

D. Helbing and T. Viscek.
Optimal self-organization.
NJP, 1 (13.1): 1, 1999.

D. Helbing, I. Farkas, and T. Viscek.
Freezing by heating in a driven mesoscopic system.
Phys. Rev. Lett., 84: 1240-1243, 2000a.

D. Helbing, I. Farkas, and T. Viscek.
Simulating dynamical features of escape panic.
Nature, 407: 487-490, 2000b.

D. Helbing.
Die wundervolle Welt aktiver Vielteilchen-Systeme.
Physikalische Blätter, 1: 27-33, Jan 2001a.

D. Helbing, P. Molnár, I. Farkas, and K. Bolay.
Self-organizing pedestrian movement.
Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 28: 361-383, 2001.

D. Helbing, I. Farkas, P. Moln´ar, and T. Vicsek.
Simulation of pedestrian crowds in normal and evacuation situations.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 21-58.

Dirk Helbing.
Traffic and related self-driven many particle systems.
Rev. Mod. Phys., 73 (4): 1067-1141, 2001b.

Dirk Helbing, Lubos Buszna, and Torsten Werner.
Self-organized pedestrian crowd dynamics and design solutions., Dec 2003.

D. Helbing.
Sicherheit in fußgängermengen bei massenveranstaltungn.
In W. Freyer and S. Groß, editors, Sicherheit in Tourismus und Verkehr, Dresden, 2004. FIT.

L.F. Henderson.
The statistics of crowd fluids.
Nature, 229: 381-383, 1971.

L.F. Henderson.
Sexual differences in human crowd motion.
Nature, 240: 353-355, 1972.

L.F. Henderson.
On the fluid mechanics of human crowd motion.
Transpn. Res., 8: 509-515, 1974.

P.R. Hofstätter.
Gruppendynamik : Kritik der Massenpsychologie.
Rowohlt, Reinbek bei Hamburg, 1990.

Y. Honda, S. Togawa, and T. Horiguchi.
Phase transition of three-directional traffi-flow on two-dimensional network.
submitted to Phys. Rev. E, 2001.

J. Honerkamp.
Stochastische Dynamische Systeme.
VCH, Weinheim, 2 edition, 1990.

S.P. Hoogendoorn.
Gas kinetic modelling and simulation of pedestrian flows.
In Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, 2000.

S.P. Hoogendoorn, P.H.L. Bovy, and W. Daamen.
Microscopic pedestrian wayfinding and dynamics modelling.
In Schreckenberg and Sharma (2002), pages 123-154.

S.P. Hoogendoorn and P.H.L. Bovy.
Generic gas-kinetic traffic systems modeling with applications to vehicular traffic flow.
Transportation Research B - Methodological, 35: 317-336, 2001.

Serge P. Hoogendoorn.
Walker behaviour modelling by differential games.
unpublished, 2002.

Serge P. Hoogendoorn, Miklos Hauser, and Nuno Rodrigues.
Application of microscopic pedestrian flow simulation to station design evaluation in lisbontrain stations.
In TRB 2004 Annual Meeting, page CD Rom, 2004a.

Serge P. Hoogendoorn, Winnie Daamen, and Piet H. L. Bovy.
Extracting microscopic pedestrian characteristics from video data.
In TRB 2004 Annual Meeting, page CD Rom, 2004b.

S.P. Hoogendoorn and P.H.L. Bovy.
Pedestrian speed density functions using gas-kinetic modelling.
In Piet H.L. Bovy and R. Thijs, editors, Estimators of travel time for road networks, pages 107-130. Delft University Press, 2000.

S.P. Hoogedoorn and P.H.L. Bovy.
Gas-kinetic modelling and simulation of pedestrian flows.
Delft University of Technology, 1999.

Martin Horrocks and Donald Stewart.
Enhancing healthy mega-events: Planning for health rights.
Technical report, Australian Sports Commission, 1999. fulltext/1999/ nsw/p96-101.pdf.

Dietmar Hosser, editor.
Engineering Methods for Fire Safety, München, 2001a. vfdb, iBMB.
Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Protection Symposium.

D. Hosser.
Branschutzkonzept für die arena auf schalke in gelsenkirchen.
In Hosser (2001a), pages 263-282.
Proceedings of the 9th International Fire Protection Symposium.

Kristin Hoskin.
Fire protection and evacuation procedures of stadia venues in new zealand.
Master's thesis, University of Canterburry, 2004.

B.A. Huberman and N.S. Glance.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 90: 7715, 1993.

R.L. Hughes.
The flow of large crowds of pedestrians.
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 53: 367-370, Oct 2000.

International Standardization Organisation.
Fire safety engineering.
Technical Recommendation TR 13387, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, 1999.

Design guidance for crowd safety - assessment of route design, crowd management and pedestrian flows systems for the notting hill carnival, October 2001.
Carnival Stakeholder Conference 29 - 30 October 2001.

Personensicherheit - Grundlagen und Anwendungsbeispiele.
IST - Integrierte Sicherheitstechnik, Frankfurt, November 1999.
I.S.T. Workshop, 22. und 23. November 1999.

A. Ceder, editor.
Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory, Amsterdam, 1999. Pergamon.

V. Babrauskas, D. Drysdale, and Carole Franks, editors.
Proceedings of the Interflam '99 Conference, Greenwich, 1999. Interscience Communications.

Motonari Isobe, Dirk Helbing, and Takashi Nagatani.
Experiment, theory, and simulation of the evacuation of a room without visibility.
PRE, page 066132, 2004.

J.D. Jackson.
Classical Electrodynamics.
Wiley, New York, 1975.

Mohsen Jafari, Izzat Bakhadyrov, and Ali Maher.
Technological advances in evacuation planning and emergency management: Current state of the art.
Technical report, Center for Advanced Infrastructure & Transportation (CAIT), Ruttgers, The State University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8014, March 2003.

I.M. J´anosi.
Search for intelligence by motion analysis ;-).
In Helbing et al. (2000c), pages 81-86.

S.U. Jensen.
Pedestrian safety in Denmark.
Transportation Research Record, 1674: 61-69, 1996.

Anders Johannson.
Pedestrian simulations with the social force model.
Master's thesis, Dresden University of Technology,, November 2004.

H. Jungermann and C. Göhlert.
Emergency evacuation from double-deck aircraft.
In M.P. Cottam, D.W. Harvey, R.P. Pape, and J. Tait, editors, Foresight and Precaution. Proceedings of ESREL 2000, SARS and SRA Europe Annual conference, pages 989-992, Rotterdam, 2000. A.A. Balkema.

H. Jungermann.
A psychological model of emergency evacuation from double-deck aircraft.
In 5th Australian Aviaton Psychology Symposium, Manly/Sydney, 2000.

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Gedränge beim Münchner Oktoberfest.

Tribüne des Westfalenstadions von Dortmund.